For example, if you read down to the eighth row and then across to the 12th column, the number there will tell you how strongly particle number eight interacts with particle number 12. For instance, the mutual interactions among clusters are never fully suppressed, because quantum effects keep tickling them back to life. But, this object does not exist in the real world, or at least the one we can perceive. OK, so beyond that—because if we can't get beyond that, my hands will cease to type—one of the biggest takeaways, it seems, is that this may totally simplify our understanding of our existence. The scientific method of divide and conquer fails for them. For want of a mechanism to couple them, the particle should be completely autonomous—yet to touch one is to touch the other, as if distance meant nothing to them. “You need a freezer. People might start as atomized individuals who begin interacting, like your grandmother who finally got on Facebook and signs up all her friends. When things grow or shrink, we perceive that as movement toward or away from us. Instead of thinking of space as an absolute necessity, we can regard it as one of the possible states of the universe, just as ice is one of the possible states of water. The new methods make this ultimate simplicity completely manifest. The fact that the measurements converge on a single location is what it means for you to, To see why the high-energy network is not spatial, try assigning locations to the grains. George Musser is a writer on physics and cosmology and the author of The Complete Idiot’s Guide to String Theory and Spooky Action at a Distance. The Illusion Machine That Teaches Us How We See. We are insulated from one another by seas of space, and we should be grateful for it. This is like saying that Cuban dancers and Radiohead groupies never have much to say to each other. “Derived” or “constructed” would be better, if less poetic. It's just not the same without them. The more intricate the pattern is, the more energy it embodies. Our goal is to go beyond space. And in the past 20 years, I’ve witnessed a remarkable evolution in attitudes among physicists toward locality. In situations such as black holes, the system can become disordered and events can cease to have a position or a time. You need to cool the universe.” She and her colleagues speculate that the energy could go into the creation of matter. But time is something made up by mind (according to my understanding). This structure has two important aspects. The amplituhedron is a jewel. If a rhinoceros is also able to hurt me, it must be close, too. To produce space as we know it, those particles or fields must be entangled by scale: each particle with its neighbor, each pair of particles with another pair, each group with another group. Everything ends somewhere. The particles are subatomic narcissists, the physics equivalent of Facebook users who always “Like” their own posts. They “move” as a group to a new passion. To a driver, Boston is a nonspatial city. The signal bars on your mobile phone indicate the strength of the phone’s connection to a cell tower and therefore your distance from that tower. We deliver big-picture science by reporting on a single monthly topic from multiple perspectives. Chains of links contain less energy than an equivalent number of isolated links, so the total energy of a network depends not only on the sheer number of links, but also on how they’re put together. When I first drove in Boston, I had to learn to distrust my spatial awareness, because it kept getting me lost. Depending on their haggling skills, the price varies from person to person and place to place. In fact, Einstein firmly believed—based on the evidence of his equations (such as E = mc 2)—that no information can travel faster than the speed of light. Consequently, the branes agglomerate into separate clusters like the social circles in your Facebook network. This is crazy, right? The interactions that produce it aren’t transmitted through space, but are direct, unmediated, nonlocal links. In December, he co-authored a paper titled "Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian.". In the above example, we had 20 cities and 400 intercity distances that reduce to 55 unique numbers. Particles that self-interact by comparable amounts forge a bond, whereas particles with differing levels of self-interaction remain aloof. He was a senior editor at Scientific American for 14 years and has won the American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award, among others. Can become disordered and events can cease to have a location elementary grains are close together, the tighter bond... Unrestrained quality ; you can tell it ’ s no consistent way to assign that theorist a on... Long, you run off the rails, ” says Moshe Rozali, a string theorist the. 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