[7], A year later, in preparation for her service against the Japanese in the Pacific, one starboard octuple "pom-pom" mount, directly abaft the island, was replaced by two 40 mm Bofors AA guns. *Displacement:* 28, 661 tons, full load *Length:* 710 ft *Beam: *95 ft *Draft: *28 feet *Propulsion:* 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 Parsons geared turbinesproducing 110,000 shp (82 MW) driving three shafts *Speed:* 30.5 knots (56 km/h) *Complement: *1,200 *Aircraft:* 33-57 *Range: *11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)** 860 Squadrons, Royal Netherlands Naval Aviation Service (RNNAS) for training, as well as 824 Squadron. She returned to Portsmouth on 7 December and she did not leave harbour until 30 January 1952 when she resumed her customary role as a training ship. She made her first foreign port visit in many years at Le Havre, France, on 20–22 March, where 13,000 people came aboard. [32], Now augmented by reinforcements from the UK, the Mediterranean Fleet detached Illustrious, four cruisers, and four destroyers to a point 170 miles (270 km) south-east of Taranto. She was transferred to Force H for the Battle of Salerno in mid-1943 and then rejoined the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean at the beginning of 1944. The noise of the on-coming first airstrike was heard at 22:25 and the anti-aircraft guns defending the port opened fire shortly afterwards, as did those on the ships in the harbour. Report. The Illustrious class was a class of aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy that included some of the most important British warships in the Second World War. The prototype of the turboprop-powered Fairey Gannet anti-submarine aircraft made its first carrier landing aboard on 16 June. Dernière édition par horos le Jeu 16 Juil 2020, 13:23, édité 1 fois: J'aime : jerome v Vice-Amiral Localisation: Doudeauville: Sujet: Re: HMS Illustrious R06 Airfix 1/350ème Mer 15 Juil … Royal Navy’s former flagship HMS Illustrious to be flogged for scrap in £2.1 million deal The iconic aircraft carrier, nicknamed Lusty, will be turned into saucepans and razor blades after 32 years defending the UK All British aircraft returned safely although one American fighter was forced to ditch during the return home. The first operation carried out by both carriers was an airstrike on the small naval base at Sabang at the northern tip of Sumatra (Operation Cockpit). She was occasionally used to ferry troops and aircraft to and from foreign deployments as well as participating in exercises. [14] This increased her aircraft complement to 47 aircraft by use of a permanent deck park of 6 aircraft. [89] Illustrious resumed her duties in early 1949 and conducted trials and training for Avengers, Fireflies, Gloster Meteors, de Havilland Sea Hornets, Vampires and Seafires. Illustrious set sail on 23 November and reached Famagusta on 29 November. [25], While Illustrious was being moved in preparation for her acceptance trials on 24 April, the tugboat Poolgarth capsized with the loss of three crewmen. [22] She was laid down at their Barrow-in-Furness shipyard two weeks later as yard number 732 and launched on 5 April 1939. The roofs of the gun turrets protruded above the level of the flight deck to allow them to fire across the deck at high elevations. The carrier launched four replacements at 12:35, just when 24–36 Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers of the First Group/Dive Bomber Wing 1 (I. Gruppe/Sturzkampfgeschwader (StG) 1) and the Second Group/Dive Bomber Wing 2 (II. Afterwards, she was opened for visits by the public before returning to Portsmouth. Lacking that, there was nothing to prevent land-based aircraft from attacking them, especially in confined waters like the North Sea and Mediterranean. [76], Her sister ships, the Indomitable and the Victorious arrived at the end of June although only the latter's pilots were combat-ready. He believed that carriers could not be successfully defended by their own aircraft without some form of early-warning system. [10], The main armament of the Illustrious class consisted of sixteen quick-firing (QF) 4.5-inch (110 mm) dual-purpose guns in eight twin-gun turrets, four in sponsons on each side of the hull. [32], Repairs were completed before the end of the month, and she escorted a convoy to Greece, during which her Fulmars shot down one shadowing CANT Z.506B floatplane. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. [29], Upon his arrival in the Mediterranean, Lyster proposed a carrier airstrike on the Italian fleet at its base in Taranto, as the Royal Navy had been planning since the Abyssinia Crisis of 1935, and Admiral Andrew Cunningham, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, approved the idea by 22 September 1940. The ship was docked in Clydeside for a minor refit the following day; she arrived in Scapa Flow on 15 August, and became the flagship of Rear Admiral Lumley Lyster. [12], The Illustrious-class ships had a flight deck protected by 3 inches (76 mm) of armour and the internal sides and ends of the hangars were 4.5 inches (114 mm) thick. The two flare droppers also bombed the oil storage depot with minimal effect, and one bomb penetrated through the hull of the heavy cruiser Trento without detonating. HMS Illustrious was the lead ship of her class of aircraft carriers built for the Royal Navy before World War II. Later in the day her Corsairs intercepted 10 Ki-43s and shot down two of them while driving off the remainder. The light AA guns managed to sever its port wing so that it missed the ship, although its starboard wingtip shattered the Type 272's radome mounted on the front of the bridge. A Hawker Sea Fury crashed while landing on 15 May, killing the pilot and two members of the deck crew. She was sold on 3 November 1956 and broken up in early 1957. [85], On 1 February, she joined the other ships of the Home Fleet as they rendezvoused with the battleship Vanguard, which was serving as the royal yacht to escort King George VI as he set out for the first royal tour of South Africa. 5 janvier 2021 Depuis le retrait des avions de combat Harrier II et la fin du porte-aéronefs HMS Ark Royal [puis celle du HMS Illustrious], la Royal Navy n’avait plus de capacités aéronavales dignes de ce nom. showed three battleships with their decks awash and surrounded by pools of oil. [66], She was then formally assigned to the Eastern Fleet and, after a short refit in Durban, sailed to Colombo, Ceylon, and became the flagship of the Rear Admiral Aircraft Carriers, Eastern Fleet, Denis Boyd, her former captain. [52][53], While her steering was being repaired in Malta, the Illustrious was bombed again on 16 January by 17 Junkers Ju 88 medium bombers and 44 Stukas. Repairs were made in Freetown, Sierra Leone, where her destroyed aircraft were replaced and augmented by twelve additional Martlet II fighters from HMS Archer, while two Martlet I aircraft were, in turn, transferred to Archer, bringing Illustrious's total aircraft complement to 47. Between the three squadrons they had 20 Fireflies and 8 Sea Furies when they participated in the major NATO exercise Main Brace later in the month. On 8 and 9 November the Supermarine 510 research aircraft made the first ever landings by a swept-wing aircraft aboard a carrier. On 10 June Hughes-Hallet was relieved by Captain Eric Clifford. On 3 November she began loading the 39th Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division in response to the riots in Cyprus that broke out when Egypt abrogated the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936. [46] Four days later Illustrious's aircraft attacked two convoys near the Kerkennah Islands and sank two merchant ships totalling 7,437 GRT. 21 Wing reembarked. Her beam was 95 feet 9 inches (29.2 m) at the waterline and she had a draught of 28 feet 10 inches (8.8 m) at deep load. 263–64; McCart, pp. She was the fifth warship and second aircraft carrier to bear the name Illustrious, and was affectionately known to her crew as "Lusty". La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 octobre 2019 à 18:57. 42–46, Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy, No. [16] After her return to the UK later that year, her Type 79Z radar was replaced by a Type 281 system and a Type 285 gunnery radar was mounted on one of the main fire-control directors. The high-angle director atop the island was replaced with an American SM-1 fighter-direction radar, a Type 293M target-indication system was added, and the Type 281M was replaced with a prototype Type 960 early-warning radar. She arrived on 16 April and the examination by divers revealed that some of her outer plating was split and that some transverse frames were cracked. The Germans had laid mines in the canal earlier. Type 282 gunnery radars were added for each of the "pom-pom" directors, and the rest of the main directors were fitted with Type 285 radars. 134, 136, 142–43, 145, 147; McCart, p. 32, Brown 1971, p. 261; Hobbs 2011, pp. Browse more videos. [22] Construction was delayed by slow deliveries of her armour plates because the industry had been crippled by a lack of orders over the last 15 years as a result of the Washington Naval Treaty. [63] After her stay at Freetown, Illustrious proceeded to Durban; during the voyage her staff also fitted ASV radar to the replacement Swordfish. Kigurulás - panoramio.jpg 2,304 × 1,728; 1.49 MB. [23] Illustrious was then towed to Buccleuch Dock for fitting out and Captain Denis Boyd was appointed to command her on 29 January 1940. HMS Illustrious, which served in the Falklands War, the Gulf War and Bosnia, will begin its journey to be scrapped on Wednesday. [41], One torpedo-carrying aircraft of the second wave was forced to return when its long-range external fuel tank fell off, but the others hit the Littorio once more and the Caio Duilio was hit once when they attacked beginning at 23:55. [14] These changes increased her aircraft capacity to 57[17] and caused her crew to grow to 1,831. The ship ultimately arrived at the Norfolk Navy Yard in the United States on 12 May for permanent repairs. As a result, it can be useful to identify a ship by using the IMO number. [51], The ship was hit five more times in this attack, one of which penetrated the un-armoured aft lift and detonated beneath it, destroying it and the surrounding structure. Later in the day, D'Entrecasteaux attempted to put to sea, but she was successfully bombed by an 829 Squadron Swordfish and deliberately run aground to avoid sinking. During September she participated in Exercise Mariner with three British squadrons of Fireflies and Sea Furies and a Dutch Squadron of Avengers. USMC Harriers aboard HMS Illustrious. [9] At some point after 1948, the ship's light AA armament was reduced to two twin and nineteen single 40 mm guns and six Oerlikons. [68] Captain Robert Cunliffe relieved Talbott on 22 August. [79], On 16 January 1945 the BPF sailed for its primary base in the Pacific Ocean, Sydney, Australia. [15] Her light AA armament was also augmented by the addition of 10 Oerlikon 20 mm autocannon in single mounts. Her complement was sharply reduced by her change in role and she retained her aft 4.5-inch guns. Sea Harrier FA.2. 84–85, 90, Shores, Cull & Malizia 1987b, pp. [63] Before dawn on 5 May, she launched 18 Swordfish together with 8 Martlets. [78] She was assigned to the 1st Aircraft Carrier Squadron (1st ACS), commanded by Rear Admiral Sir Philip Vian when he arrived at Colombo aboard the carrier Indefatigable. During the morning of 10 January, her Swordfish attacked an Italian convoy without significant effect. These latter aircraft lacked folding wings and could not fit on the lifts. 30, 32, Brown 1971, pp. For the planned attack on Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in mid-June her air group was reinforced by the 14 Corsairs of 1837 Squadron; six Barracudas from No. [59] While working up her air group in March, reinforced by the Grumman Martlet fighters (the British name of the F4F Wildcat) of 881 and 882 Squadrons, she conducted trials of a "hooked" Supermarine Spitfire fighter, the prototype of the Seafire. The Alraigo Incident occurred on 6th June 1983, when a lost British Royal Navy Sea Harrier fighter aircraft landed on the deck of a Spanish container ship. She arrived on 14 May and departed 10 days later, bound for Rosyth for permanent repairs. Aircraft from 819 Squadron laid six mines in the harbour entrance while those from 815 Squadron sank the destroyer Borea and two freighters totalling 10,192 gross register tons (GRT). Illustrious's air group consisted of 32 Corsairs and 21 Avengers by now and she contributed 12 of her Avengers and 16 Corsairs to the first attack, which destroyed most of the oil storage tanks and cut the refinery's output by half for three months. Harrier T.8N. She transferred to Greenock at the end of the month and sailed on 5 August to provide air cover for the ocean liner RMS Queen Mary as she conveyed Prime Minister Winston Churchill to the Quebec Conference. A week later, Illustrious and Indomitable sortied to attack an oil refinery at Pangkalan Brandan, Sumatra (Operation Outflank); the former's airgroup now consisted of 36 Corsairs of 1830 and 1833 Squadrons and 21 Avengers of 857 Squadron. Her light AA armament now consisted of six octuple "pom-pom" mountings, eighteen single Oerlikons, and seventeen single and two twin Bofors mounts. Il devrait être remplacé par le HMS Prince of Wales. 810 Squadron was the only unit retained from her previous air group and it had been re-equipped with Barracudas during her refit. For a very long time, the (old) Airfix Harrier II kit was one of the best available despite its raise dpanel line detail; its rear fuselage is far more accurate than the otherwise superb Hasegawa kit and most importantly it includes the very distinctive Harrier air brake and … Harrier GR7, 2008 Kecskemét. The Vichy French-controlled island of Madagascar stood astride the line of communication between India and the UK and the British were worried that the French would accede to occupation of the island as they had to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina in 1940. The hangar was 456 feet (139.0 m) long and had a maximum width of 62 feet (18.9 m). [90], Captain S. H. Carlill assumed command on 24 June and the Illustrious resumed deck-landing training. She arrived at Greenock on 21 December and permanent repairs were made from 30 December to late February 1942 at Cammell Laird's shipyard in Birkenhead. It takes a while for the Harrier to actually prepare but it is good! He chose the naval base and oil refinery at Surabaya, Java (Operation Transom), and the distance from the newly renamed East Indies Fleet's base at Ceylon required refuelling at Exmouth Gulf on the western coast of Australia before the attack. When the aircraft approached the target on the morning of 20 December, it was obscured by clouds so they diverted to the secondary target of the port at Belawan Deli. VKB T-Rudder MKIV Link to post Share on other … She was the fifth warship and second aircraft carrier to bear the name Illustrious, and was affectionately known to her crew as "Lusty".In 1982, the conflict in the Falklands necessitated that Illustrious be completed and rushed south … Le Hawker Siddeley Harrier est un avion d'attaque au sol britannique apparu dans la seconde moitié des années 1960. After summer leave for her crew, she resumed deck-landing trials in September and October,[86] including the initial trials of the prototype Supermarine Attacker jet-powered fighter in the latter month. As the ship neared the end of its fitting out period, the Falklands War broke out. Her Corsairs claimed four enemy aircraft shot down as did one Avenger pilot who claimed victory over a Nakajima Ki-44 "Tojo" fighter. The war ended while she was in the dockyard and the Admiralty decided to modify her for use as the Home Fleet's trials and training carrier. En route, the carriers of the 1st ACS attacked Palembang on 24 January and 29 January (Operation Meridian). [27] Her squadrons flew back aboard, and she sailed for the Mediterranean on 22 August with 15 Fulmars and 18 Swordfish aboard. 4 Sqn RAF. While returning from another convoy escort mission, the Swordfish of Illustrious and Eagle attacked the Italian airfield on the island of Leros on the evening of 13/14 October. For this operation, her fighters were reinforced by a detachment of three Fulmars from 805 Squadron. Follow. Historique. [47] On the morning of 22 December, 13 Swordfish attacked Tripoli harbour, starting fires and hitting warehouses multiple times. [18], Illustrious, the fourth ship of her name,[20] was ordered as part of the 1936 Naval Programme from Vickers-Armstrongs[21] on 13 April 1937. HMS Illustrious, R06, Aircraft Carrier. Depuis le retrait du HMS Ark Royal en 2011, il est le dernier porte-aéronefs de la Royal Navy. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Her light antiaircraft defences included six octuple mounts for QF 2-pounder ("pom-pom") antiaircraft guns, two each fore and aft of her island, and two in sponsons on the port side of the hull. While the precise details on activities of the carrier's squadrons are not readily available, it is known that the commanding officer of 854 Squadron was forced to ditch his Avenger on the morning of 27 March with the loss of both his crewmen; he was ultimately rescued that evening by an American submarine. [53][54] The naval historian J. D. Brown noted that "There is no doubt that the armoured deck saved her from destruction; no other carrier took anything like this level of punishment and survived. In addition, one Corsair was forced to ditch; the pilot was rescued by a destroyer. The Royal Navy's 1936 Naval Programme authorised the construction of two aircraft carriers. 854 Squadron was disembarked while at Sydney, but the carrier kept her two Corsair squadrons until after arriving in the UK on 27 June. En 2005, ils sont reclassés CVA (Carrier Vessel Assault) pour tenir compte de leur nouvelle … The flight deck was extended forward, which increased her overall length to 748 feet 6 inches (228.1 m). This meant that the ship had to be capable of remaining in action after sustaining damage and that her fragile aircraft had to be protected entirely from damage. The Italians made no effort to attack the Allied forces, and the most noteworthy thing that any of her aircraft did was when one of 890 Squadron's Martlets escorted a surrendering Italian aircraft to Sicily. [69], After a farewell visit from the Eastern Fleet commander, Admiral Sir James Somerville on 12 January 1943, Illustrious sailed for home the next day. He transferred his flag to Formidable when she arrived at Alexandria on 10 March, just before Illustrious sailed for Port Said to begin her transit of the Suez Canal. [30] While escorting a convoy to Malta on 29 September, the carrier's Fulmars broke up attacks by Italian high-level and torpedo bombers, shooting down one for the loss of one fighter. Captain C. T. Jellicoe relieved Carlill on 27 August and the ship ferried 10 Fireflies of 814 Squadron to Malta beginning on 1 October. Task Force 57 arrived in San Pedro Bay on 23 April for a more thorough replenishment period and Illustrious transferred aircraft, spares, stores, and newly arrived pilots to the other carriers before sailing for Sydney on 3 May. The ship was recommissioned in early September. Captain K. A. In September, it decided that the Illustrious would become the trials and training carrier for the Home Fleet and her repairs were changed into a lengthy refit that lasted until June 1946. On the early morning of 25 July, Illustrious launched 22 Corsairs for CAP and to observe the naval gunfire and take photos for post-attack damage assessments. [52][53], Another attack by 13 Ju 87s at 13:20 hit the ship once more in the aft lift well, which again knocked out her steering and reduced her speed to 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). Three other Swordfish completed her destruction. The necessity to attack from the south, across the full width of Java, meant that the target was outside the Barracuda's range and 810 and 847 Squadrons were replaced by the 18 Grumman Avengers of 832 and 845 Squadrons for the mission. After another round of flying operations, she visited Trondheim, Norway, on 19 June. 92–93; McCart, pp. 21 TBR Wing were landed to make room for the additional fighters. The Type 281 radar was replaced by an upgraded Type 281M, and a single-antenna Type 79M was added. The first flight of 6 Swordfish, carrying torpedoes, unsuccessfully attacked the aviso D'Entrecasteaux, but sank the armed merchant cruiser MS Bougainville. [29] A few days after the Italian invasion of Egypt, Illustrious flew off 15 Swordfish during the moonlit night of 16/17 September to attack the port of Benghazi. [64][65] Illustrious' aircraft flew 209 sorties and suffered six deck landing crashes, including four by Martlets. Later that morning three of the five Fulmars on Combat Air Patrol (CAP) engaged three SM.79s at low altitude, claiming one shot down. US Marines embark Harriers onto HMS Illustrious. Mais elle vient de les récupérer – en partie du moins – depuis quelques jours. Cinquième navire britannique à porter ce nom, il est de la classe Invincible et est lancé en 1981. [92] A model of HMS Illustrious in 1940is on display at the Monaco Naval Museum. This was complete by 23 July, when she arrived in the Clyde and flew off her aircraft. It also blew a hole in the hangar deck, damaging areas three decks below. All three were shot down for the loss of one Martlet. One additional Swordfish, piloted by Lieutenant Charles Lamb, was attempting to land when the bombs began to strike and was forced to ditch when it ran out of fuel; the crew was rescued by the destroyer Juno. Photo: AFP. Harrier GR7s and Sea Harrier FA2s, are shown waiting on the deck of HMS Invincible at sunset, during Marstrike 05. I will be working on some of the weapons in the future. Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson, Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy, was determined not to simply modify the previous unarmoured Ark Royal design. During 12 days of training in September, she completed 950 daytime and nighttime arrested landings and 210 helicopter landings. 899 Sqn RNAS Yeovilton. Two of the Barracudas were forced to return with engine trouble before the attack began and another was shot down over the target. [38] Six aircraft in each airstrike were armed with torpedoes and the remainder with bombs or flares or both to supplement the three-quarter moon. In early June, she loaded the personnel from 806, 815, and 819 Squadrons at Devonport Royal Dockyard; 806 Squadron was equipped with Blackburn Skua dive bombers and Fairey Fulmar fighters, and the latter two squadrons were equipped with Swordfish. [9] She carried a maximum of 4,850 long tons (4,930 t) of fuel oil which gave her a range of 10,700 nautical miles (19,800 km; 12,300 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) or 10,400 nmi (19,300 km; 12,000 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)[5] or 6,300 nmi (11,700 km; 7,200 mi) at 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). [93] Another model of Illustrious in her late-war appearance is at the Fleet Air Arm Museum in RNAS Yeovilton. The aircraft were pushed back until the main wheels were near the edge of the flight deck to allow more aircraft to be stored on the deck. 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