Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. 1753. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. 1). We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. Pl., 1: 319. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … General Comments: Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Dry garden areas. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Borders. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Treatment Author(s) Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Entry From. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). 1913. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. Interesting Facts. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. 1753. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. NATIVE INFO Native Range. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. Dry slopes. Its striking texture will draw attention. Family: Agavaeae. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Compost is recommended when planting. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Yucca filamentosa. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. Yucca filamentosa var. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. laevigata Engelm. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. 3 vols. Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. No serious insect or disease problems. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. Deer tend to avoid this plant. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. Reference Sources. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. Than about 3 feet tall, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural.. 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